Many believe that success in coarse fishing depends entirely on starters, in some secret recipe or the magical component… Undoubtedly, ground bait is of great importance. However, the result does not solely depend on it, but on the way you perform groundbaiting!

For smal fish such as bleak, dace, small roach, small chub, which live between the bottom and the surface, the best type is continuous groundbaiting, because in that way the food works in all water levels.

Massive groundbaiting

This type of feeding is best for fishing in deep locations, with a hard bottom, in all waters without strong current. It consists in throwing, mainly at the beginning of the session, 5 to 15 starters balls the size of an orange. The goal is to gather large fish feeding on the bottom such as carp, tench, large bream. Since the balls are thrown only once, precision is of extreme importance. In extreme cases, if you truly attract a lot of fish, it is possible to throw, from time to time, a few maggots or a few wheat seeds.

The secret of this groundbaiting hides in the way the balls are condensed. Namely, one third of the balls is so firmly condensed that it takes it a few hours before it entirely dissolves, the other third somewhat less, while the rest is firm enough for the balls to reach the bottom whole, and then dissolve.
However, whatever their density might be, all the balls have to be the same size, because it would be otherwise impossible to throw them all with the same precision.



Continuous groundbaiting

This type of groundbaiting matches most water types, because it allows that groundbaiting be adjusted to the fish behaviour at any moment. However, it is especially adapted for canal fishing with increased water traffic, as well as rivers with a strong current.
As opposed to the massive feeding, in this type you ground bait in even rhythm during the entire fishing time, sometimes almost every swim is baited at least once. Balls are rather small, size of a larger walnut. Depending on the number of fish occuping the baited zone, you determine the bait number needed to add to every ball. The more fish there are, the more baits are needed. On the contrary, if the bites are decreasing, the groundbaiting rhythm remains the same, but every ball contains fewer baits.

With this type of groundbaiting it is always possible to correct the mistake! If the bites are lessened, it is enough to downsize the balls while remaining the same groundbaiting rhythm. It is possible to quickly and simply affect the speed of dissolution by changing the strength of squeezing.


In waters with muddy bottoms, it is desirable to add 10 to 15 % of large white breadcrumbs* into the ground bait food, before forming the ball, in that way the balls will not get stuck to the muddy bottom.

Half-massive groundbaiting with additional feeding

This combination is matchless whenever the fishing is extremely difficult, for example in cold waters, when the fish are not active, when there are only a few fish in the fishing zone or whenever they are very cautious.

This strategy basically unites the previous two groundbaiting ways. It is begun with a lesser number of balls than with massive groundbaiting, most often 3 to 4, made up of poor starters. Then it's continued with additional feeding which is performed with small balls, depending on the fish number which are gathered in the chosen location. Regarding the baits, add them only into the balls for additional feeding.

This groundbaiting type largely lessens the risk of failure, under the condition that additional feeding be discreet. The rhythm of ball throwing depends entirely on the number and activity of fish: large number of bites requires large number of balls, and the other way around! If there are not bites, do not perform additional feeding!


In order that your groundbait preparation keeps the same degree of moisture all day long, and all its mechanistic characteristics, it is necessary to moisten it beforehand and keep it in a plastic box with a lid.

Groundbaiting with pure baits

With this type of baiting programme you regularly throw, manually or with the help of a sling, only pure baits, the same ones which are set up on the hook.
In warm waters these are most frequently seeds of various wheats, corn, hemp… while animal baits are better for cold waters, maggots, pinkies, chopped worms*

This groundbaiting strategy is the most discreet of all types of groundbaiting and is used primarily with very cautious fish. Among its numerous advantages, we should mention the possibility of easy change of the groundbaiting location if necessary. It is only necessary to cast out the baits somewhate farther away or closer from the beginning zone.
This enables the fish to move from one depth to another: if you throw 20 baits per minute, the fish will remain on the bottom. If you throw 10 baits every 30 seconds, the fish will progressively unglue from the bottom and take the position between two water levels.

When you are after nicer fish species, roach for example, this is the only solution to release the catfish! In rivers there is nothing better than pure baits to attract chub! In small lakes, stale water, ponds.. wherever there is tench and carp, and the floor is muddy, only this tape of groundbaiting allows you to gather and keep them for long time in the desired spot! The only problem is that you need strong nerves, because you frequently have to wait up to a few hours before the first bites appear!


When appling groundaiting strategy with pure baits or additional feeding, the angler has to remain very concetrated for hours and always throw the balls to the same spot and in the same tempo! If you speed up the rhythm, the fish will get closer to the food source (towards the surface), if you slow it down, the fish will scatter due to the lack of food. In such a situation, it is best to entirely quit groundbaiting for 15 minutes, and then start anew!



Remonter   * white breadcrumbs: ground dry bread, sticky, can bubble up when wet, used in starters for fishing on the river bottom.
* chopped worm: or a cocoon, is a medium stage creature between the maggot and a fly; very effective for catching large fish on the bottom, it can be used for hooking, but also to enrich starters.

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